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Choosing the Right Dog Breeder.

Good dog breeders don't sell their puppies to the first person who shows up with cash in hand. Too often, unsuspecting people buy puppies from puppy mills, or sometimes neighbors who breed their dog to make a little money or simply because they have a dog "with papers". Too often, the result is puppies in poor health or with temperament problems that may not be discovered right away.

A dog who has genetic health problems due to poor breeding practices or who develops significant behavior problems due to a lack of early socialization can cost thousands of dollars to treatóand result in grief and heartache as well.

You can find reputable dog breeders by asking for referrals from your veterinarian or dog breed rescue groups, contacting local or national dog breed clubs, or visiting dog shows. Remember, a reputable dog breeder will never sell dogs through a pet store or in any other way that does not allow interaction with buyers to ensure that the puppies are a good match for the families and that the buyers will provide responsible lifelong homes.

Adopting from Animal shelters and Rescue Organizations

One in every four dogs in†animal shelters or Rescue in the United States†is a purebred, and mixed breed dogs also make great pets, so start your search there. Not only are you likely to find a great dog, you'll also feel great about helping a homeless dog find a loving home. Most dogs lose their homes because of "people" reasons, such as cost, lack of time, lifestyle changes (new baby, divorce, moving, or marriage), or allergies, and not because of something the dog has done.

Contacting Dog Breeders

For suggestions on contacting breeders of a specific dog breed, contact the dog associations listed below. They will refer you to the national breed club chairperson who will recommend breeders for you to contact. The American Kennel Club (AKC), and the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) are North American-based international registries with associated breeders and breed clubs in many countries around the world. The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) is an international dog registry headquartered in Belgium that recognizes more breeds than any other single registry.

The American Kennel Club (AKC)

260 Madison Avenue
New York, New York 10016
(Public information line: 800-AKC-PUPS)

Canadian Kennel Club

111 Eglington Avenue
Toronto 12, Ontario

Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

14, rue Leopold II
B-6530 Thuin, Belgium

Nutrition and Feeding

The diets of yesteryear of home mixed meat and biscuits have long gone. Today professional nutritionist produce feeds of a variety and quality that should satisfy any dog needs.

Dogs are carnivores. Their digestive system is designed to cope with meat diet. Their teeth are designed to tear food rather than to grind it, and their stomach can digest food in this state.

The major nutrients that are required in substantial amounts by every animal include:

  • Carbohydrates; provide the body with energy and in surplus will be converted into body fat.
  • Fats, the most concentrated form of energy that will be converted into body fat when is supplied in excess.
  • Proteins, Is essential in the diet of animals for the growth and repair of tissue and is vital to every living cell.
  • Some other minor nutrients included vitamins, minerals and trace elements that are also important for your dog health.

All dogs love bones but vets donít because the risk involved in bowel stoppages or chocking. Very large bones minimize the risk.


Short coated dogs (Eg. Brittany, Bull Terrier) may need less attention than other types and usually requires no professional care at all. Daily grooming helps. A brush with stiff but not harsh bristles is all that is required, and take only few minutes.

Rough-coated dogsa (Eg. Terriers) may need more attention. Regular daily brushing and combing will prevent the coat matting. Again a stiff brush is the main piece of equipment. It is essential to brush or comb right through the thickness of the coat, not just skimming over the top. Some rough coated breeds need occasional attention from a professional groomer.

The silky coated breed (Eg.Cocker Spaniel, Irish Setter) needs exactly the same attention as rough-coated. Some tend to grow rather heavy and needs to be trimmed regularly.

The long coated breed (Poodles, Afgan, Old English Sheepdog) demands skilled attention to keep it in shape. The coats of ungroomed Poodle quickly get into an awful state.


If your dog can announce his presence without barking or even entering the room, it may be time to give him a bath. Dog owner in temperate climates are generally reluctant to bathe their dogs. Some dogs may not need to be bathed; especially the short coated bread that tends to shrug off dirt but the smell may remain.

Dog shampoos perform very much like human shampoos to help cleanse away dirt, excess oils and sebum buildup from skin and hair. There is a lot of different kind of shampoos and choosing the right type of dog shampoo for the current situation can make a big difference in your dog's health.

Medicated Shampoos are available at most pet supply stores or by prescription from a vet, depending on the severity of your dog's condition.

Self-rinsing shampoos require no water. Just squirt the liquid on the immediate area to be cleansed and work into a lather, then squeeze with an absorbent towel to remove the excess liquid and blow dry. Dog show exhibitors like to use this product for spot cleaning at dog shows when bath tubs are not available. It's terrific for freshening long facial hair, tails and fringes, but isn't usually used for a full bath.

Dry shampoos are a powder that is usually a blend of talc, cornstarch, boric acid and baking soda, or any combination of these ingredients. The best way to clean your dog with a dry shampoo is to sprinkle it on the dog's coat and then give it a nice comb. The powder is applied and worked well into the coat to make sure it reaches the skin, where it absorbs excess oils. These products can be helpful for refreshing your dog between regular baths, but they are not a good long-term solution for your dogís regular grooming needs.

Some breeds, such as poodles, generally require more bathing than German shepherds. Dogs with smooth coats generally require even fewer baths.

  • Always use a shampoo formulated for dogs. Human shampoos have a different pH level and often use harsher detergents than pet shampoos. You can do more damage than good if you use a human shampoo on pets. After shampooing, rinse very thoroughly. Shampoo residue can be very irritating to your pet's skin.
  • Start bathing your dog when he or she is young so bath time will be easier as your dog ages.
  • Brushing is one of the best ways to take care of your dog's skin and coat and, in many cases, is more important than bathing. Brushing and removing mats should always be done before the bath.