Saint Bernard Dog Breed Information


Saint Bernard Quick Facts
Saint Bernard
Breed Group: Working
Origen: Italy / Switzerland
Nickname: Saint
Weight: 120-200 lbs
Height: 25-28 inches
Color(s): White with red, red or brindle with white; white must appear on chest, feet, tail tip, noseband, and collar (or spot on nape); may have dark mask


Saint Bernard Appearance

The Saint Bernard is a very large dog with strong, powerful and muscular body. The massive head is powerful and imposing. The muzzle is short and straight, wider than it is long. The nose is broad and always black. The medium sized eyes are set somewhat to the sides and are dark in color. The medium size drop ears are set high, and shaped like a rounded triangles. The feet are large and the tail is naturally long. There is generally a dark mask around the face and ears.

These dogs come in both long haired and short haired varieties. The coloring of the coat is red and white or white and red, depending on the markings. The weight of the Saint Bernard is around 120-200 pounds; and the height around 25-28 inches.

Saint Bernard Temperament

The Saint Bernard is very calm, slow moving, patient, and obedient. It is easy going, gentle and patient around children, although is not particularly playful. It is devoted to its family willing and eager to please its owner. It is an affectionate, fun loving dog that is equally friendly with strangers and family.

The Saint Bernard is not good as guard dog, although he will bark at intruders. It is very good with children but due to its large adult size early socialization is recommended while still young. When properly trained, this breed makes wonderful family companion.

Is Saint Bernard the Right Dog Breed for You?

The Saint Bernard is a protective and loyal pet, and makes a good family dog for those with plenty space, time, and experience to provide him with a suitable living environment, lots of attention, interaction, and proper training. The Saint Bernard will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. They are relatively inactive indoors and a small yard is sufficient.

Due to their larger size, may do better living in the country or suburbs. They can live outdoors, but would much rather best to divide the time in an out so he could also expend time with their family. A Saint is not a breed for all individuals and situations! The Saint Bernard does best in a home where neatness is not a concern and new owners should be prepared for drool and lots of mess. It can also be stubborn sometimes.

Saint Bernard Life expectancy

The life expectancy of the Saint Bernard is around 8-10 years.

Saint Bernard Health problems

The very fast growth rate and the weight of a Saint Bernard can lead to very serious deterioration of the bones if the dog does not get proper food and exercise. The major concern associated with this breed is Bloat (Gastric Torsion), CHD (Coronary Heart Disease) elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, osteosarcoma (bone cancer), epilepsy and seizures. Saint Bernard is also susceptible to eye disorders like: entropion, ectropion in which the eyelid turns in or out.

Saint Bernard Care and Grooming

The Saint Bernard needs a long walk each day to keep in good mental and physical condition. Both types of Saint Bernard coats are easy to groom. They need to be comb and brush twice a week with a firm brush. Use dry shampoo occasionally and bathe only when necessary. The eyes need special attention to keep them clean and free of irritants.

Saint Bernard Shedding

The Saint Bernard sheds twice a year. He sheds all year round, and more heavily during the spring and autumn months, therefore, is not well suited to allergy sufferers.