Belgian Malinois Dog Breed Information


Belgian Malinois Quick Facts
Belgian Malinois
Breed Group: Herding
Origen: Belgium
Nickname: Belgian Malinois, Chien de Berger Belge, Mechelaar, Mechelse Herder (Mechelse Scheper), Pastor Belga Malinois
Weight: 60-65 lbs
Height: 22-24 inches
Color(s): black


Belgian Malinois Appearance

The Belgian Malinois is a medium-sized, elegant dog, with a smart and questioning expression. They are sturdy dog of square proportion and moderate bone. The chest is deep. The overall size of the head is in proportion to the body. The medium sized, almond-shaped eyes are brown. The ears are stiff, erect and in the shape of an equilateral triangle. The tail is strong at the base with the bone reaching to the hock. They have the tendency to run in a wide circle rather than a straight line.

The Belgian Malinois has a weather resistant, double-coat that is short and straight with a dense undercoat. The hair is slightly longer around the neck giving the appearance of a collar. The most common colors are rich fawn to red to mahogany to black, with black tips on the hairs. The mask and ears are black. The weight of the Belgian Malinois is around 60-65 pounds and the height is around 22-24 inches.

Belgian Malinois Temperament

The Belgian Malinois is alert, smart, loyal companion, obedient, an ideal watch and guard dog. They are serious and watchful, but yet loving and playful. The Belgian Malinois is good and protective with children although they may try to herd them. Itís aloof with strangers and can be aggressive toward other dogs and animals; for that reason it should be trained and socialized very well from an early age to avoid misbehaviors.

Is Belgian Malinois the Right Dog Breed for You?

The Belgian Malinois will do okay in an apartment if enough exercise is provided but will do best as a house dog with access to at least an average-sized yard. This is an active and energetic breed that needs a good workout everyday. His need could be met on a long walk on leash, a vigorous game or a run in a safe area. The Belgian Malinois prefers cool climates, but adapts well to others. He could live outside in temperate climates as long as they have access to house to spend some time inside with the family. The Belgian Malinois is high energetic breed, with a high mental capacity, and is smart and quick to comprehend. They are happy when had a job to do, specially herding, and enjoy being challenged with new tasks. They can be destructive or develop neurotic behaviors if not provided enough stimulation and exercise.

Belgian Malinois Life expectancy

The life expectancy of the Belgian Malinois is around 10-12 years.

Belgian Malinois Health problems

The Belgian Malinois is a relatively healthy and there are not major concerns associated with this breed, however he is prone to CHD (Coronary Heart Disease), Bloat Gastric Torsion, cataracts, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia and skin allergies. As with all breeds the Belgian Malinois will need regular vaccinations, worming, flea and tick treatment to keep him healthy.

Belgian Malinois Care and Grooming

The coat of the Belgian Malinois requires a regular grooming. Its double coat needs brushing and combing twice a week, more often when shedding. Brush with a firm bristle brush, and dry shampoo occasionally. Bathe in mild soap only when necessary. Over bathing or frequent bathing your dog will strip the oils from the coat and may cause severe skin irritations and possible allergy type reactions. To avoid gastric torsion is a good idea to feed them two or three small meals a day instead of one large meal.

Belgian Malinois Shedding

The Belgian Malinois is a heavy shedder; you'll find hair stuck to your couch, carpets, clothes and everything else in your home, therefore is not best suited for those with allergies.